Material guide

Natural materials

  • Alpaca

    Alpaca is native to South America and resembles a small llama. Alpaca wool is a material that is soft and silky to the touch, but is actually firm and strong. Due to its lower energy intake, alpacas are less demanding on water consumption and feed compared to sheep and goat farming.

    Care

    Alpaca clothing should be hand washed in cold water using appropriate detergents and avoid any form of wringing. Then allow to dry gradually in a horizontal position in the shade. With proper maintenance, the material is less susceptible to pilling and shrinkage.

    Benefits

    light but strong material
    high insulation
    a wide range of colours from brown, through gray, to cream

    Disadvantages

    can be scratchy
    more demanding to care for

    Sustainability

    Alpacas do not need so-called chemical baths to remove lanolin or grease from their wool, as is the case with sheep and goats
    Alpacas are bred in only a few places in the world, making them a rare commodity that often has to travel a long way to get to the place of production.

  • Bamboo fiber

    Bamboo is a natural material obtained from a bamboo pulp. It is often communicated as a sustainable material, but this is not always the case. The majority exporter is China.

    Care

    Bamboo clothing is recommended to be washed up to 30°C (tip: wash inside out). Higher temperatures can damage the fibre. It is not advisable to use fabric softeners and other fabric softeners as they can damage the fibres. It is also a good idea to avoid long soaking or prewashing. Afterwards, it is advisable to let the clothes dry freely in a sunny place outside. Ironing or chemical bleaching is not recommended, as it may cause deterioration of the material. At the same time, this material is very susceptible to fraying.

    Benefits

    breathable and quick-drying material
    hypoallergenic
    does not crease
    natural protection against UV radiation
    finer but at the same time stronger than viscose
    suitable for the production of functional clothing

    Disadvantages

    upon contact with moisture it loses its strength by up to 60%
    higher price due to small-scale production

    Sustainability

    Bamboo is a fast-growing plant that does not need any pesticides, fertilizers or special irrigation for its cultivation
    Bamboo itself is a renewable and sustainable plant, however bamboo fiber needs a considerable amount of chemicals for its production
    during the production of bamboo ray, there is a risk of hazardous substances escaping into the air
    a sustainable alternative is a certified organic bamboo linen, for sustainable production look for GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certification

  • Bananatex

    Bananatex is a unique natural material made from the leaves of a textile banana tree. It is also called Manila hemp and is grown mainly in the Philippines, and a small part of the total harvest also comes from Ecuador. The fiber from which the fabric is woven is called abaka. The material is impregnated with a layer of beeswax, which gives it a waterproof quality and a more flexible structure. This material was developed by the Swiss brand QWSTION , which can found in our offer.

    Care

    hand wash in lukewarm water

    Benefits

    extremely strong and durable fiber, which is at the same time very flexible and light
    water resistance
    circular life cycle

    Disadvantages

    the final product can have a high price; production and processing costs are typically much higher than with conventional materials

    Sustainability

    no pesticides and minimal water consumption when growing abaca
    Abaca cultivation rebuilds forests in the Philippines
    gentle way of dyeing certified by Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certificate
    cultivation supports Philippine local agriculture
    fair conditions for all involved in the production process
    100% degradable

  • Cotton

    One of the most versatile and widely used materials, accounting for almost half of global textile production.

    Cotton is a universal material obtained from the cotton plant. The fiber is obtained by the so-called ginning. It is carded, combed and then braided to make yarn. Cotton growing is conditioned by a warm climate. The most common locations for cultivation are India, China, USA and Pakistan.

    Care:

    The 100% cotton is resistant to high washing temperatures and can be washed up to 60°C. However, it is preferable to wash at lower temperatures (30-40°C) to ensure that the clothes do not change size, colour or texture. If it is a garment from a cotton blend, it is possible to wash it at up to 40°C. Afterwards, dry the cotton outside out of direct sunlight to avoid colour damage. Cotton wrinkles easily, but can be ironed up to 200°C, but again a lower temperature is recommended to avoid discolouration.

    Benefits

    soft to the touch
    breathable
    non-electrifying
    Diverse treatments

    Disadvantages

    Low elasticity, may lose shape
    prone to pilling (we recommend washing clothes inside out for prevention)
    may turn yellow after prolonged exposure to the sun

    Sustainability

    100% cotton decomposes in 5-6 months
    The average water consumption per kg of cotton is 20,000 l
    16% of world pesticide production and 24% of insecticides are used to grow cotton

  • Cupro

    Otherwise known as copper fiber, is a cotton pulp product regenerated by dissolving in a solution of copper and ammonia. It is therefore a natural material created chemically. The chemicals and water needed to make cupra can be reused, thus closing a sustainable production process.

    Although cupro was first produced in Germany, current production has been allocated mainly to Japan.

    Care

    It is advisable to use a gentle wash programme for Cupra at a maximum of 40°C and avoid hand wringing. Ironing on a lower to medium setting is recommended.

    Benefits

    very strong thread
    does not stretch
    smooth and soft surface
    absorbs fluids well
    it does not tend to crease

    Disadvantages

    it gets dirty relatively quickly

    Sustainability

    decomposable
    easily recyclable
    cupro is a by-product of cotton processing, the use of any other part of cotton thus reduces the already uneconomical process of cotton production
    one t-shirt made of cupra can save up to 2,581 liters of water

  • Faux Leather

    The history of faux leather production dates back to the 1920s, when an affordable alternative to animal leather was created. However, animal-derived ingredients can be used in the production process. It is mainly made from polyurethane and polymer.

    Care

    Care is related to the specific type of material used.

    Benefits

    The advantages are related to the specific type of material used.

    Disadvantages

    The disadvantages are related to the specific type of material used.

    Sustainability

    The environmental impact is related to the specific type of material used.

  • Silk

    Silk is one of the oldest materials obtained from silkworm secretion. There are several types of insects that can produce silk, but silkworm is the most common type. After about one month of development, the larva forms a protective cocoon made of protein fiber that can be up to 1000m long, and from which silk is made.

    Care

    Silk requires special care and therefore dry cleaning is recommended. In the case of hand washing, it is advisable to use a mild soap for washing and to avoid any twisting or wringing that could irreparably damage the garment. Ironing at a maximum of 150°C is recommended.

    Benefits

    lightweight material that keeps you cools in the summer and warm in the winter
    one of the strongest natural fibers
    medium abrasion resistance

    Disadvantages

    low elasticity
    may lose shape
    higher price

    Sustainability

    low environmental impact
    for every tonne of silk, there are 5.426 kg of CO2 emissions
    decomposition time up to 4 years
    ethical aspect of production - to ensure better quality of the material, silkworm larvae are killed by either hot steam or boiling water; an alternative is the so-called "peaceful" silk, which is made from empty cocoons and thus preserves the natural life cycle of the moths

  • Cowhide

    Cowhide is a by-product of the meat and dairy industries. Its quality depends on the age and living conditions of the animal. A young calf that is weaned in milk has softer and firmer skin than an adult cow, which feeds on grass or hay most of its life, and thus its skin is thicker and coarser.

    An important indicator of good leather quality is also what part of the animal it comes from. For example, the leather from the abdominal part of an animal's body is usually the thickest and best nourished. To increase the durability, the leather is layered on top of each other during processing, but this can reduce its natural quality.

    Care

    Leather products cannot be washed because it would ruin them. If it is necessary to remove dirt on smooth leather, it can be wiped with a clean cloth gently soaked in water that is well wrung out. It is also advisable to avoid exposing the leather to direct sunlight and to keep it in a dry shady place. Leather should be cared for regularly and only the products intended for this purpose should be used.

    Benefits

    one of the cheapest variants of animal skin
    with proper maintenance it has a long service life

    Disadvantages

    the thickness and strength of the skin may vary across the entire leather and may disintegrate in weaker places at increased pressure
    with age, the leather may dry out and crack

    Sustainability

    the crucial factor is the origin of the leather and whether the animal did not suffer
    during its acquisition and processing the environmental impact of leather dyeing is also important
    in animal leather processing, emissions are up to 4 times higher than in artificial leather processing

  • Jute

    Jute is a natural material made from the outside or stem of a plant of the same name. 95% of production takes place in India and Bangladesh, where it grows during the monsoon season. After cotton, it is the second most important commodity in terms of availability. demand and utilization.

    Care

    gentle cleaning by hand wash is recommended

    Benefits

    good proportion of obtained material on fertile soil
    diverse uses including the production of paper, geotextiles and textiles in the fashion industry

    Disadvantages

    jute is susceptible to moisture and may lose shape when in contact with it

    Sustainability

    Jute is a fast-growing plant that does not need excessive irrigation, fertilizers and pesticides to grow
    during its life cycle it can be recycled several times and after its end it decomposes in nature, supplying the soil with important nutrients

  • Cashmere

    Cashmere is a luxurious and fine wool material that is obtained by cutting of the Kashmiri goats. Also known as "pasham", or goat wool. The traditional method of hand-combing hair is preserved in Mongolia and China. An important aspect of production is manual quality control. and selective selection of fibers.

    Care

    Cashmere should be hand-washed at a temperature of up to 20°C, or opt for professional dry cleaning. It is advisable to avoid hand wringing. Afterwards, allow to dry gradually in a horizontal position in the shade. Above all, avoid direct heat sources - radiator, direct sunlight. With proper maintenance, the material is less susceptible to pilling and shrinkage. Cashmere is not recommended to be hung on a hanger due to possible sagging, folding is the recommended method of storage.

    Benefits

    thermoregulatory properties
    very soft and pleasant to the touch

    Disadvantages

    lower adhesion
    higher price

    Sustainability

    the sustainable aspect depends on the behaviour of the goats, but due to the nature of their rare occurrence, it is easier to maintain ethical and sustainable production

  • Hemp

    Technical hemp is a fast-growing THC-free plant. Hemp fibers are used to make ropes and textiles. Due to their appearance and texture, they are often mistaken for linen.

    Care

    Hemp is recommended to be washed by hand in cold water. It is better to put the delicate hemp in an underwear bag when putting it in the washing machine. It is recommended to add a tablespoon of vinegar before washing to ensure that no detergent residue remains on the fabric. Afterwards, allow to air dry and then iron.

    Benefits

    strong and breathable material
    antibacterial properties
    natural resistance to heat, UV radiation and salt water

    Disadvantages

    stiffer and rougher than linen

    Sustainability

    Hemp as such is a very important material from the point of view of ecology and sustainability, as its cultivation requires a minimum (if any) amount of pesticides and fertilizers, it grows quickly and improves the condition of the soil thanks to the supply of nitrogen
    provides important by-products such as hemp oil or mulch
    thanks to the long fiber, more material is made from it than from linen
    it decomposes safely in nature and supplies the soil with important nutrients
    if not in organic quality, hazardous chemicals are used to separate the fiber
    in many areas it is harvested by hand

  • Linen

    Linen is one of the longest used materials, dating back to 6,000 BC. It is made from a flax plant with a distinctive purple bloom. It is the only cellulose plant native to Western Europe. The highest quality flax comes from Belgium and Ireland.

    Care

    recommended wash up to 40 °C
    recommended ironing up to 230 °C
    it is not recommended to fold repeatedly in the same places to avoid cracking

    Benefits

    durable material that is not prone to abrasion or pilling
    easier stain removal even at low temperatures
    greater protection against UV radiation compared to cotton
    quality linen lasts for several generations

    Disadvantages

    coarser than cotton
    can crease

    Sustainability

    linen requires less water and energy for its production and at the same time is fully degradable
    thanks to the rapid rotation, the soil does not need excessive fertilization or pesticides, in this area it is in one-fifth consumption compared to conventional cotton
    The production of linen produces several by-products such as flaxseed oil or animal feed, so production leaves no waste
    the original method for fiber separation was soaking in water, now chemical separation is used for greater speed, which can have a negative impact on the environment and the material itself

  • Merino wool

    Merino wool is an extremely fine wool produced by a special breed of domestic sheep known as Merino. The breed most likely originated from North Africa, from where it got to Spain in the Middle Ages. Today, it is most widespread in Australia and New Zealand.

    Wool is valued for its specific properties such as odor absorption and thermoregulatory properties. Thanks to its fiber structure, it retains air well, insulates and retains the heat produced. In summer, on the other hand, it can be slightly cooling. In addition, it removes moisture perfectly, so it does not have a cooling effect while sweating, such as some synthetic materials.

    Care

    For merino wool, it is sufficient to ventilate the garment instead of washing it. In the case of washing, it is advisable to choose the lowest speed programme. Ideally, wash in a detergent containing lanolin (a natural oil found in merino wool). Afterwards, dry in a naturally ventilated place, avoiding strong heat sources - direct sun, radiator and let dry gradually in a horizontal position. With proper maintenance, the material is less susceptible to shrinkage.

    Benefits

    natural material
    high ability to absorb odors
    has an antibacterial effect
    excellent thermoregulatory properties

    Disadvantages

    in case of extreme sweating, the fabric may smell of lanolin, which may not be pleasant scent for everyone
    less durability and longevity than synthetics

    Sustainability

    natural degradable and renewable material
    it must be obtained from sheep in an ethical manner
    deforestation may occur due to the acquisition of an area for sheep

  • Nappa

    Nappa leather is characterized by its distinct softness. The name is derived from the California city of Napa, where the leather began to be produced by a unique technology, which until then was used only for the processing of glove materials. Leather processed in this way is mainly used for the production of wallets, handbags and gloves, but also for furniture and shoes.

    Care

    Nappa leather products cannot be washed as this would ruin them. It is also advisable to avoid exposing the leather to direct sunlight and to keep it in a dry, shady place. Leather should be cared for regularly and only with the use of products designed for the treatment of Nappa leather. Due to the higher porosity of the leather, it is recommended to treat it extensively with an anti-water and anti-dirt impregnation products.

    Benefits

    significantly softer and more pleasant to the touch compared to classically tanned leather
    with proper maintenance it has a long service life

    Disadvantages

    it is significantly more porous than other leather types, so it is more susceptible to water or other liquids
    It is far more fragile than classic leather, so it is used more for personal accessories such as handbags or smaller leather products

    Sustainability

    the crucial factor is the origin of the leather is whether the animal did not suffer
    during its acquisition and processing the environmental impact of leather dyeing is also important

  • Nubuck

    This is a type of animal leather that has a naturally roughened finish. At first glance, there seems to be no difference between nubuck and suede, as both leather types are very similar. The most fundamental difference is that nubuck is leather that is roughened on the outside.

    Care

    Nubuck leather products cannot be washed as this would ruin them. It is also advisable to avoid exposing the leather to direct sunlight and store it in a dry, shaded place. The leather must be cared for regularly and only with the use of products designed for this purpose of treating Nubuck leather. Due to the higher porosity of the leather, it is recommended to treat it extensively with an anti-water and anti-dirt impregnation products.

    Benefits

    compared to classic smooth leather, it has a longer lifespan and is less prone to cracking
    with proper maintenance it has a very long service life

    Disadvantages

    at higher friction the material tends to fade quickly
    bright nubuck variants are more difficult to clean

    Sustainability

    The main factor is the origin of the skin, whether the animal did not suffer during its acquisition and processing
    the environmental impact of dyeing nubuck is also important

  • Organic cotton

    Organic cotton is cotton grown without modification of genetic information and without the use of synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides or insecticides. Organic cotton growing is subject to international standards.

    Organic cotton production maintains soil fertility, reduces the use of toxic substances and helps to create biologically diverse agriculture.

    Care

    The 100% organic cotton is resistant to high washing temperatures and can be washed up to 60°C. However, it is preferable to wash at lower temperatures (30-40°C) to ensure that the clothes do not change size, colour or texture. If it is a garment from a cotton blend, it is possible to wash it at up to 40°C. Afterwards, dry the cotton outside out of direct sunlight to avoid colour damage. Cotton wrinkles easily, but can be ironed up to 200°C, but again a lower temperature is recommended to avoid discolouration.

    Benefits

    Hypoallergenic
    soft to the touch
    breathable
    non-electrifying
    Diverse treatments

    Disadvantages

    Low elasticity, may lose shape
    prone to pilling (we recommend washing clothes inside out for prevention)
    may turn yellow after prolonged exposure to the sun

    Sustainability

    CO2 consumption is 978 kg per tonne of organic cotton, which is 46% less than conventional cotton
    Zero chemical consumption
    Worse yields for growers - less cotton grows over a larger area of ​​land compared to conventional cotton
    Seek GOTS, Better Cotton Initiative, or Regenerative Organic certification to maintain sustainable and ethical production

  • Organic hemp

    Organic hemp is one of the most sustainable materials. Apart from the advantages of conventional hemp, it is grown completely without the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers.In addition, it needs only one-fifth the water for its growth, compared to the growth of conventional cotton.

    Care

    Organic hemp is recommended to be washed by hand in cold water. It is better to put the delicate hemp in an underwear bag when putting it in the washing machine. It is recommended to add a tablespoon of vinegar before washing to ensure that no detergent residue remains on the fabric. Afterwards, allow to air dry and then iron.

    Benefits

    strong and breathable material
    antibacterial properties
    natural resistance to heat, UV radiation and salt water

    Disadvantages

    stiffer and rougher than linen

    Sustainability

    Hemp as such is a very important material from the point of view of ecology and sustainability, as its cultivation requires a minimum (if any) amount of pesticides and fertilizers, grows rapidly and improves the condition of the soil due to abundant nitrogen supply
    provides important by-products such as hemp oil or mulch
    thanks to the long fiber, more material is made from it than from flax
    it decomposes safely in nature and supplies the soil with important nutrients
    seek GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certification to maintain sustainable production

  • Organic linen

    Organic linen is linen in organic quality, produced without the use of chemical solvents.

    Care

    recommended wash up to 40 °C
    recommended ironing up to 230 °C
    it is not recommended to fold repeatedly in the same places to avoid cracking

    Benefits

    durable material that is not prone to abrasion or pilling
    easier stain removal even at low temperatures
    greater protection against UV radiation compared to cotton
    quality linen lasts for several generations

    Disadvantages

    coarser than cotton
    can crease

    Sustainability

    linen requires less water and energy for its production, at the same time it is fully degradable
    thanks to the rapid rotation, the soil does not need excessive fertilization or pesticides, in this area it is in one-fifth consumption compared to conventional cotton
    Linen production produces several by-products such as flaxseed oil or animal feed, so production leaves no waste
    linen can be left in its natural colour and its colour can be corrected to the maximum by the sun
    seek GOTS certification to maintain sustainable production.

  • Natural rubber

    Natural rubber was first recorded in the 15th century during the voyages of the Spanish sailors to America. Key natural rubber producing countries include Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Vietnam and China. And it is extracted from the rubber tree, which is a key commodity. Rubber is the basic raw material for the production of rubber.

    It often appears as an admixture of cotton and wool to keep the fabric in a stable shape. It is often additionally treated, for example with antibacterial agents or anti-damage ingredients for direct sunlight.

    Care

    It is a good idea to treat natural rubber with a suitable product, as even natural rubber can crack with age.

    Benefits

    uniquely flexible, strong and impermeable material

    Disadvantages

    the process of production

    Sustainability

    the production process uses chemicals that are released into the air and wastewater

  • Natural cork

    Natural cork is a unique material that is extracted from cork oak trees.

    Care

    Clean only by hand using a clean cotton cloth and mild soap to wash the cork sole. Then wipe it with a dry cloth and leave it to dry in a shaded place.

    Benefits

    lightness
    strength
    durability
    easy processing
    waterproof

    Sustainability

    a natural renewable material

  • Recycled cotton

    Recycled cotton is considered one of the most sustainable materials by virtue of proper recycling. It can be defined as cotton fibre overused in the textile industry. Textile recycling is primarily from two sources:

    production waste: recycling of off-cuts from production
    consumer waste: recycling of worn clothing or used household textiles The most common source is production waste, as finished textiles are difficult to recycle due to their different colour or material content.

    Care

    The 100% recycled organic cotton is resistant to high washing temperatures and can be washed up to 60°C. However, it is preferable to wash at lower temperatures (30-40°C) to ensure that the clothes do not change size, colour or texture. If it is a garment from a cotton blend, it is possible to wash it at up to 40°C. Afterwards, dry the cotton outside out of direct sunlight to avoid colour damage. Cotton wrinkles easily, but can be ironed up to 200°C, but again a lower temperature is recommended to avoid discolouration.

    Benefits

    Hypoallergenic
    soft to the touch
    breathable
    non-electrifying
    Diverse treatments

    Disadvantages

    Low elasticity, may lose shape
    prone to pilling (we recommend washing clothes inside out for prevention)
    may turn yellow after prolonged exposure to the sun
    To maintain the durability of a material, it is often combined with another material

    Sustainability

    Recycled cotton is inherently sustainable by using already available resources
    gives space to circular economy
    Save water, fossil fuels and CO2, which would otherwise fall on the production of new resources
    the creation of a material additive or the improvement of the properties of a substance can negatively offset these savings
    To maintain sustainable production, seek Global Recycling Standard (GRS) certification "

  • Upcycled organic cotton

    Upcycling is reusing the same substance and turning it into something else. Upcycling is not as harmful to the environment and uses no other natural resources.

    Care

    The 100% upcycled organic cotton is resistant to high washing temperatures and can be washed up to 60°C. However, it is preferable to wash at lower temperatures (30-40°C) to ensure that the clothes do not change size, colour or texture. If it is a garment from a cotton blend, it is possible to wash it at up to 40°C. Afterwards, dry the cotton outside out of direct sunlight to avoid colour damage. Cotton wrinkles easily, but can be ironed up to 200°C, but again a lower temperature is recommended to avoid discolouration.

    Benefits

    hypoallergenic
    soft to the touch
    breathable
    non-electrifying
    versatile to customize

    Disadvantages

    low elasticity, may lose shape
    prone to pilling (we recommend washing clothes inside out to prevent pilling)
    may yellow after prolonged exposure to the sun
    is often combined with another material to maintain the durability of the material

    Sustainability

    The fashion industry takes a huge amount of resources and creates clothes that are worn for only a short time before being thrown away in landfill.

    Upcycling clothes is a way to prevent waste and environmental damage from happening again.

  • Wool

    Wool is obtained from sheep's wool. Sheep are usually sheared in the spring, when they would naturally drop the wool to protect them from overheating and the onslaught of insects. Sheep are bred all over the world and there are many breeds that vary in characteristics and the quality of its wool.

    Care

    For wool, airing the garment instead of washing it is sufficient. In the case of washing, it is advisable to choose a hand-washing programme or a special programme designed for wool. It is recommended to avoid using chlorinated detergent or bleach. Afterwards, dry in a naturally ventilated place, avoiding strong heat sources - direct sun, radiator, and allow to dry gradually in a horizontal position. The maximum ironing temperature is 150°C.

    Benefits

    breathable
    absorbs moisture
    Not creased
    Keeps its shape
    Isolation features

    Disadvantages

    can be scratchy (if you are sensitive to wool, we recommend wearing it with a bottom layer)
    Possibility of shrinking due to improper care

    Sustainability

    Wool as such is high quality, degradable and renewable material
    Properly obtained, it is in itself a sustainable material
    Mass production can lead to land degradation and unethical animal treatment
    Seek Responsible Wool Standard (RWS) certification to maintain sustainable and ethical production

Artificial materials

  • Acetate fiber

    Acetate fiber is a product made of chemically processed cellulose. Acetate is lighter than natural silk, and very similar in touch and feel.

    It often appears as an admixture of cotton and wool to keep the fabric in a stable shape. It is often additionally treated, for example with antibacterial agents or anti-damage ingredients for direct sunlight.

    Care

    Acetate fibre loses its shape and shine through washing, so professional dry cleaning or home cleaning by hand at cold temperatures is recommended. When ironing, the temperature must not exceed 120°C to avoid irreversible damage to the material.

    Benefits

    flowy material that holds the shape
    naturally shiny surface
    Low price

    Disadvantages

    when ironing at a higher temperature, it may easily burn through
    generates static electricity with friction
    it absorbs fluids worse

    Sustainability

    the raw material is treated chemically, as is, for example, viscose
    dry spinning requires fewer production processes, reduces the amount of chemicals and production waste used

  • Acrylic

    The history of acrylic dates back to the middle of the last century, when it began to be used due to its properties as a cheap synthetic alternative to wool, or often mixed with it. It has similar properties to wool, such as its warmth and strength. However, the material lacks the wave's natural thermoregulatory ability and odor repellent property.

    Care

    Acrylic requires careful care not to exceed 30° C when washing as it is prone to shrinkage. This material dries very quickly, is not prone to creasing and ironing is not recommended.

    Benefits

    is soft and durable at the same time warmth
    resistance to direct sunlight
    stain resistant

    Disadvantages

    prone to pilling
    low elasticity, pulls out
    low durability and durability

    Sustainability

    it is not degradable, but it is at least (difficult) recyclable
    extremely energy-intensive process, greater environmental impact than polyester production

  • Borosilicate glass

    Borosilicate glass has superior physical and chemical properties. It is a material that is highly resistant to impact and temperature changes and is therefore used in laboratories. It was first introduced by the German glassmaker Otto Schott at the end of the 19th century. Products made of it are health-safe.

    Care

    It is dishwasher safe.

    Benefits

    great resistance to different temperatures
    impact resistant
    lighter than ordinary glass

    Disadvantages

    can break

    Sustainability

    recyclable

  • EcoVero

    EcoVero viscose is an EU Ecolabel certified material. It is a sustainable alternative to viscose.

    Care

    EcoVero is suitable for hand washing or gentle programmes in lukewarm water up to 30°C. Afterwards, dry on a hanger. It is best to air the garment and, if necessary, have the stains professionally dry-cleaned.

    Benefits

    light material soft to the touch
    airy

    Disadvantages

    creasing
    may lose shape

    Sustainability

    up to 50% lower water consumption and carbon footprint compared to conventional viscose
    ECOVERO ™ fibers come from cellulose from certified and controlled sources
    LENZING ™ ECOVERO ™ is EU Ecolabel certified as it meets the strictest environmental requirements in the entire production chain from extraction, through production to distribution and end of life cycle

  • Elastane

    Elastane, or spandex, is a type of polyurethane that has been used in the fashion industry since the late 1950s due to its high resilience, durability and flexibility.

    Care

    Elastane is machine washable on a delicate programme for synthetics at temperatures up to 30-40°C. It should then be dried during free hanging and is not recommended to be tumble dried. Then iron inside out over a damp cloth at lower temperatures.

    Benefits

    can be stretched up to 500% of the original dimension while maintaining the original shape
    resistance to external influences
    adaptability and grip
    does not crease

    Disadvantages

    colour instability
    low resistance to high temperatures

    Sustainability

    complex and energy-intensive production process
    microplastics are released during washing
    not degradable
    can be recycled or end the life cycle with safe and safe combustion

  • EVA

    The main use of EVA foam is the reinforcement of various sports accessories, bicycle saddles, hockey equipment, helmets and even ski boots and much more. It is appreciated mainly for its absorption and cushioning properties, so it is widely used in the production of sneakers.

    Benefits

    soft, comfortable and light material
    highly durable and strong even at extremely low temperatures
    has the ability to withstand high pressure without change
    high resistance to long-term and frequent use
    UV resistance

    Disadvantages

    there are none

    Sustainability

    one of the least harmful synthetic materials
    less degradable
    can be recycled and processed into new EVA foam
  • Fleece (polyester)

    Fleece is a synthetic insulating fabric made from polyester or other synthetic fibres. Polar Fleece is a breathable and quick-drying material that was invented by Massachusetts-based Malden Mills in conjunction with Patagonia.

    Fleece made from recycled polyester (like used PET bottles) is a greener alternative.

    Care

    Fleece should be machine washed on a delicate programme at low temperatures. It is recommended to turn the garment inside out and fasten all zips and avoid fabric softeners, tumble drying and ironing.

     

    Benefits

    softness and lightness
    breathability
    resistance to moisture
    quick drying

    Disadvantages

    when wet, it does not have the insulating properties of wool in the vicinity of the open it is necessary to behave with caution

    Sustainability

    The synthetic material is not biodegradable and microfibres are released during washing. Furthermore, fleece must always be chemically treated to make it water or wind resistant.

  • Lyocell (tencel)

    Lyocell is a relatively innovative material that is a more gentle version of viscose made from cellulose, in the case of Tencel specifically from eucalyptus cellulose. It is best known under the Tencel brand, which has been registered by the Austrian company Lenzing - a leading lyocell manufacturer.

    Care

    Lyocell should be hand washed or washed on delicate programmes in lukewarm water with mild detergent at lower speeds. Afterwards, dry the garment by hanging it loosely on a hanger and avoid tumble drying. Then iron on medium heat.

    Benefits

    more resistant than viscose
    soft to the touch

    Disadvantages

    creases easily
    higher price

    Sustainability

    raw materials used for the production of loycell are obtained from sustainably managed forests and the entire production process takes place in a closed cycle
    Eucalyptus used to make Tencel is a plant that does not need artificial irrigation, pesticides or fertilizers on its own
    the conversion of cellulose into fiber consumes a large amount of energy
    lyocell is recyclable and compostable
    the dyeing process may contain chemicals

  • Modal

    Modal is a synthetically made material based on beech wood cellulose. It resembles cotton to the touch, but is more pleasant, more absorbent and lighter. The material was first made in Japan around 1950.

    Care

    Modal should be washed in cold water using products based on active oxygen. Afterwards, dry the garment by free hanging and eliminate tumble drying. If the garment is properly hung and dried, it does not need to be ironed.

    Benefits

    light, elastic and breathable material
    well absorbent
    flowy material
    does not pill
    does not shrink
    does not crease

    Disadvantages

    not suitable for bleaching or dyeing
    higher price

    Sustainability

    a greener alternative to conventional cotton
    100% degradable material

  • Stainless steel

    Stainless steel was discovered in 1913 by Harley Brearley in England. His intention was to use stainless steel for gunpowder barrels, but soon there was widespread use of the material outside the military industry.

    Care

    It is dishwasher safe.

    Benefits

    versatility and practicality
    easy maintenance
    resistance to high temperatures

    Disadvantages

    poor heat conductivity
    colouring of the material

    Sustainability

    The elimination of toxic substances is important not only for the environment but also for human health.

  • Nylon

    One of the first synthetic materials in fashion, nylon fiber was originally developed in the 1930s. It is one of the first synthetic polymers made directly from coal, water and air to have commercial success. Its Czech parallel is called silon.

    Care

    It is recommended to wash the nylon in a washing machine on a low temperature programme. It is then advisable to dry the garment during free hanging. It is not recommended to tumble dry or iron. Ironing can be done inside out at low temperatures.

    Benefits

    extremely strong and at the same time very light material
    flexible
    good resistance to friction or other possible mechanical damage

    Disadvantages

    greater tendency to wrinkle and crease than, for example, polyester
    low resistance to direct long-term sunlight

    Sustainability

    extremely energy-intensive production process
    destructive impact of production on the environment (high rate of greenhouse gas leakage)
    not degradable
    however, there is a possibility to recycle it efficiently

  • Pine Weave / Piñatex

    A fine handwoven fabric in a natural cream shade, made from pineapple leaf fibres. These leaves represent the leftovers from the pineapple harvest, which are transformed into fabric through a decortication process. Piñatex is used to make clothes, bags, shoes and furniture.

    Care

    Piñatex should be treated with an organic wax that is designed for this purpose.

    Benefits

    alternative to animal leather
    strong resistance
    breathable, lightweight and soft fabric

    Disadvantages

    not waterproof

    Sustainability

    Piñatex is made of natural fibres and polylactic acid (PLA) fibres. However, the resin used for its coating is petroleum-based. The production process has a carbon footprint 20% lower than that of animal skin production and furthermore, the chemicals used to process this fabric are not used.

  • PLA plastic

    Otherwise known as bioplastic, is a plastic that is made from biomass (corn or sugar cane). It is a thermoplastic aliphatic polyester, which in its raw form is used mainly as a material used for 3D printers.

    Benefits

    high melting point (about 178 °C)
    can be used to make food crates

    Disadvantages

    low resistance to lower temperatures
    relatively low resistance

    Sustainability

    recyclable
    already processed material may be reprocessed to its original raw form

  • Polyester

    Synthetic polyester was first used in practice during World War I as an impregnating material, but as we know it today, it has only been used since the second half of the last century. Polyester fiber has countless uses across all branches of the fashion industry.

    Care

    Polyester can be machine washed on a delicate programme for synthetics at temperatures up to 30-40°C. It is then suitable to dry during free hanging. It is not recommended to tumble dry. And iron inside out at lower temperatures.

    Benefits

    inexpensive production
    durable, light and strong material
    it does not tend to crease too much
    holds its shape well
    does not fade and is more resistant to stains than cotton
    quick-drying

    Disadvantages

    can easily start pilling
    not breathable, "sticks" to the skin

    Sustainability

    it does not decompose, but can be recycled very efficiently (several times)
    very demanding production process
    dyeing takes place at even higher temperatures than is usual for - most other synthetic fibers

  • Polyethylene

    Polyethylene is the most common form of plastic today and its wide-ranging use affects almost every branch of today's industry. Polyethylene fibers are used to make fishing nets, ropes, geotextiles and also protective suits.

    Benefits

    strong and durable material
    non-toxic plastic
    flexible - therefore it does not tend to tear or crack

    Disadvantages

    lower resistance to high temperatures
    lower resistance to direct sharp sunlight leading to degradation

    Sustainability

    34% of total world plastic production
    energy one of the least demanding plastics for production
    still very burdensome for the environment, as a large amount of greenhouse gases is produced during its production
    can be recycled relatively efficiently
    not degradable

  • Polypropylene

    Polypropylene is a synthetic material that was introduced to the market in the 1950s. Its name is often abbreviated as" polyprop." It is one of the most widely used plastics in the modern industry. In fashion it is used to make nonwoven fabric, a substance suitable for the manufacture of sports and functional clothing.

    Care

    Polypropylene is recommended to be washed in a washing machine on the delicate programme for synthetics at temperatures up to 30-40°C without using fabric softener. It is then advisable to dry the garment during free hanging. It is not recommended to tumble dry or iron. Iron only inside out at low temperatures.

    Benefits

    durable and very light material
    quick-drying
    adaptable to the body, elastic
    retains heat at low temperatures

    Disadvantages

    does not retain moisture, it is recommended to layer over natural absorbent materials
    synthetic, slippery surface

    Sustainability

    can be recycled efficiently
    not degradable
    1.7 kg of CO2 is produced in the production of 1 kg of polypropylene

  • Polyurethane

    It can be used in various forms, such as a fiber used in the textile industry. A permanent crosslink is formed between the polymer chains of the polyurethane, which prevents melting and reprocessing of the material.

    Polyurethane is available as a fiber, film or coating and can be shaped as desired. In the textile industry, it is most often used for the production of artificial leather or waterproof fabrics.

    Care

    the surface of the polyurethane can be easily wiped off with soapy water or a damp sponge

    Benefits

    Highly durable and lightweight material that is generally stronger than natural rubber
    flexibility
    highly resistant to abrasion or tearing
    wide range of uses

    Disadvantages

    Thermoplastic polyurethane, which is used, for example, to make the soles of sneakers, is more expensive than conventional polyurethane

    Sustainability

    Diisocyanate, which is used in the production of PU, is highly toxic cannot be recycled

  • PVC

    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC, vinyl) is one of the most widely used plastics, dating back to the 1930s. It is used in the fashion industry primarily as a synthetic alternative to leather or rubber, usually combined with a woven lining. Often It has a shiny surface and can be processed into a soft and pliable, but also solid form.

    Care

    Clean by hand using a soft sponge or cloth that will not damage the surface of the material (soap and water is sufficient). Not machine washable or ironable.

    Benefits

    durable and strong material
    cheap production
    waterproof and easy to clean and maintain

    Disadvantages

    does not tolerate high temperatures (over 60 °C)
    lower quality and durability than similar PU

    Sustainability

    contains less carbon than most thermoplastics
    energy-intensive production often involving the use of hazardous chemicals
    can be recycled

  • Recycled PET

    Recycled polyester is made from recycled PET bottles. What is unique about this process is the high water (up to 90%) and energy savings (up to 70%) compared to the production of new polyester, as well as the properties of the material produced, which is not degraded by the recycling process and is therefore of the same quality as the newly produced fibre.

    Care

    Recycled polyester can be machine washed on a delicate synthetic programme at temperatures up to 30-40°C. It should then be dried during free hanging. It is not recommended to tumble dry. Afterwards iron inside out at lower temperatures.

    Benefits

    inexpensive production
    durable, lightweight and strong material
    does not tend to crumple, wrinkle or shrink too much
    holds its shape well
    does not fade and is more resistant to stains than cotton
    quick-drying

    Disadvantages

    can easily start to pill not breathable, "sticks" to the skin

    Sustainability

    reuse of plastic waste from PET bottles fished out of the sea, for example very significantly reduces the impact of production compared to conventional polyester, but also organic cotton (which is much more costly to produce than recycled polyester) can be recycled repeatedly without loss of quality

  • Recycled wool

    Recycled wool is obtained from offcuts from the production of woollen clothing. The material is shredded, re-spun and new fabric is produced.

    Care

    For wool, airing the garment instead of washing it is sufficient. In the case of washing, it is advisable to choose a hand-washing programme or a special programme designed for wool. It is recommended to avoid using chlorinated detergent or bleach. Afterwards, dry in a naturally ventilated place, avoiding strong heat sources - direct sun, radiator, and allow to dry gradually in a horizontal position. The maximum ironing temperature is 150°C.

    Benefits

    breathable
    absorbs moisture
    does not wrinkle
    keeps its shape
    insulating function

    Disadvantages

    may be scratchy (if you are sensitive to wool, we recommend wearing with a base layer) possibility of shrinkage with improper care

    Sustainability

    wool itself is a high-quality, degradable and renewable material if properly sourced and processed, it is a sustainable material in its own right

  • Recycled fleece (polyester)

    Fleece is a synthetic insulating fabric made from polyester or other synthetic fibres. Polar Fleece is a breathable and quick-drying material that was invented by Massachusetts-based Malden Mills in conjunction with Patagonia.

    Fleece made from recycled polyester (like used PET bottles) is a greener alternative

    Care

    Fleece should be machine washed on a delicate programme at low temperatures. It is recommended to turn the garment inside out and fasten all zips and avoid fabric softeners, tumble drying and ironing.

    Benefits

    softness and lightness
    breathability
    resistance to moisture
    quick drying

    Disadvantages

    when wet, it does not have the insulating properties of wool in the vicinity of the open it is necessary to behave with caution

    Sustainability

    The synthetic material is not biodegradable and microfibres are released during washing. Furthermore, fleece must always be chemically treated to make it water or wind resistant.

  • Recycled nylon (NetPlus™ recycled nylon made from recycled fishing nets)

    Recycled nylon is a form of nylon made from already used materials (e.g. NetPlus™ recycled nylon made from recycled fishing nets). Although the original material was derived from petroleum derivatives, recycled nylon represents a gentle alternative to nylon, whereby the material is gently renewed while maintaining its typical properties.

    Care

    Recycled nylon is recommended to be machine washed on a low temperature programme. It is then advisable to dry the garment during free hanging. It is not recommended to tumble dry or iron. Ironing can be done inside out at low temperatures.

    Benefits

    extremely strong and at the same time very lightweight material
    flexible
    good resistance to friction or other possible mechanical damage

    Disadvantages

    greater tendency to crease and wrinkle than e.g. polyester
    low resistance to direct prolonged sunlight

    Sustainability

    not degradable, can be recycled

  • Recycled polyester

    Recycled polyester is created from recycled materials such as PET bottles, worn clothing and other polyester waste. Unique aspect of this process is the high saving of water (up to 90%) and energy (up to 70%) compared to the production of new polyester and also the properties of the material produced, which do not degrade through the recycling process and is thus of the same quality as the newly produced fiber.

    Care

    Recycled polyester can be machine washed on a delicate synthetic programme at temperatures up to 30-40°C. It should then be dried during free hanging. It is not recommended to tumble dry. Then iron inside out at lower temperatures.

    Benefits

    inexpensive production
    durable, light and strong material
    it does not tend to crease too much
    holds its shape well
    does not fade and is more resistant to stains than cotton
    quick-drying

    Disadvantages

    can easily start pilling
    not breathable, "sticks" to the skin

    Sustainability

    reuse of plastic waste from landfills or PET bottles caught in the seas
    very significantly reduces the impact of production compared to conventional polyester, but also organic cotton (it is much more demanding to produce than recycled polyester)
    can be recycled repeatedly without loss of quality

  • REFIBRA™ lyocell (Tencel)

    REFIBRA™ lyocell is made from wood pulp obtained from responsibly managed forests and recycled cotton waste.

    Care:

    Lyocell should be hand washed or washed on delicate programmes in lukewarm water with mild detergent at lower speeds. Then dry the garment by hanging loosely on a hanger and avoid tumble drying. And iron on medium heat.

    Benefits

    more durable than viscose
    soft to the touch

    Disadvantages

    easy to crease
    higher price

    Sustainability

    The pulp used in REFIBRA is a renewable raw material that comes from sustainably managed forests. The addition of waste recycled cotton (leftover from garment manufacturing) not only diverts materials from the waste stream, but also reduces the amount of wood pulp used. This sourcing method reduces the environmental impact by using less of the original raw materials. Lyocell is recyclable and compostable. The dyeing process may contain chemicals.

  • Silicone

    Silicone material belongs to the rubber material. Silicone rubber is an elastomer that is composed of silicone, which contains silicon, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

    Care

    An ordinary brush is sufficient to care for the silicone and can be used to remove dirt and dust. Alternatively, a damp cloth can be used.

    Benefits

    high flexibility, silicone products are more resistant to cold and heat than PVC products
    does not absorb water
    highly resistant to external influences, stresses and direct sunlight

    Disadvantages

    costly production
    impact of production on the environment

    Sustainability

    it is often not possible to recycle it, a complex technological process is needed

  • Synthetic rubber

    Natural rubber substitute began to be used in industry at the beginning of the 20th century. Its use is wide across all industries, in fashion it is used primarily for the manufacture of footwear, but also for functional and sportswear clothing or swimwear (neoprene).

    Care

    Store synthetic rubber shoes ideally in a dry and cool place

    Benefits

    durability, strength and durability (even compared with natural rubber)

    Disadvantages

    impact of production

    Sustainability

    high energy intensity of production
    cannot be recycled by remelting
    remains in landfills polluting the environment

  • Tritan Copolyester

    Tritan Copolyester is manufactured by the US company Eastman and is FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) approved and listed by EFSA (European Food and Safety Association).

    Tritan does not contain plasticizers, does not contain BPA and, through a number of other advantages, is increasingly used as a glass substitute.

    Care

    can be washed in the dishwasher

    Benefits

    clear, solid material with high resistance
    chemical resistant
    BPA free: does not contain harmful Bisphenol A

    Disadvantages

    low resistance to UV radiation

    Sustainability

    the life cycle of tritan has a lower impact on the environment than, for example, metal products, while its production also consumes less energy
    the use of tritanous drinking bottles reduces the use of disposable plastics
    tritan is BPA free and is produced without the use of halogens, sulphurium, nitrogen, lead, mercury, cadmium or chromium

  • Vegan leather

    Vegan leather is an alternative to the animal leather which it is supposed to imitate. It is often made of polyurethane, a polymer. But it can also be made from innovative and sustainable materials such as pineapple leaves, cork, apple peels and recycled plastic. Importantly, no animal ingredients have been used throughout the production process.

    Care

    Care is related to the specific type of material used.

    Benefits

    The advantages are related to the specific type of material used.

    Disadvantages

    The disadvantages are related to the specific type of material used.

    Sustainability

    The environmental impact is related to the specific type of material used.

  • Vinylon F

    It is not recommended to machine wash products made of this material. Dirt can be removed from the surface using lukewarm water, mild detergent and a soft brush or sponge. Then allow to dry in a well-ventilated place.

    Care

    it is waterproof without the need for coating good durability

    Benefits

    it is waterproof without the need for coating good durability

    Disadvantages

    synthetic fabric

    Sustainability

    vinyl fibre does not need a coating such as polyurethane (PU) or silicone to be waterproof as it swells when wet (resists moisture without the need for coating)

  • Viscose

    Also known as rayon. Viscose fiber is obtained from chemically treated cellulose. Since its first processing, which dates back to 1880, viscose has been used in various forms and in various industries.

    Care

    It is advisable to have it professionally dry cleaned. Improper handling can cause irreversible damage to the fabric. The maximum ironing temperature is 180°C (180°F) and it is recommended to iron while damp.

    Benefits

    low price
    pleasant to the touch
    highly absorbent
    at higher temperatures it does not melt like synthetic materials
    stronger than wool
    more flexible than natural fibers

    Disadvantages

    prone to scoring and loss of original shape
    it loses most of its strength when wet
    weaker than cellulose fibers

    Sustainability

    It is obtained mostly from renewable sources (soft wood, bamboo, cotton)
    the process of converting the raw material into the corresponding fiber uses chemicals that can pollute the environment
    permanently degradable at the end of its life cycle
    about 640 l of water are used to produce 1 kg of viscose

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