Material guide

Natural materials

  • Alpaca

    Alpaca is native to South America and resembles a small llama. Alpaca wool is a material that is soft and silky to the touch, but is actually firm and strong. Due to its lower energy intake, alpacas are less demanding on water consumption and feed compared to sheep and goat farming.

    Care

    only hand wash in cold water
    drying in a shaded area
    with proper maintenance, the material is less prone to pucking and shrinking

    Benefits

    light but strong material
    high insulation
    a wide range of colours from brown, through gray, to cream

    Disadvantages

    can be scratchy
    more demanding to care for

    Sustainability

    Alpacas do not need so-called chemical baths to remove lanolin or grease from their wool, as is the case with sheep and goats
    Alpacas are bred in only a few places in the world, making them a rare commodity that often has to travel a long way to get to the place of production.

  • Bamboo fiber

    Bamboo is a natural material obtained from a bamboo pulp. It is often communicated as a sustainable material, but this is not always the case. The majority exporter is China.

    Care

    recommended wash up to 30 °C (tip: wash inside out)
    the use of emollients is not recommended

    Benefits

    breathable and quick-drying material
    hypoallergenic
    does not crease
    natural protection against UV radiation
    finer but at the same time stronger than viscose
    suitable for the production of functional clothing

    Disadvantages

    upon contact with moisture it loses its strength by up to 60%
    higher price due to small-scale production

    Sustainability

    Bamboo is a fast-growing plant that does not need any pesticides, fertilizers or special irrigation for its cultivation
    Bamboo itself is a renewable and sustainable plant, however bamboo fiber needs a considerable amount of chemicals for its production
    during the production of bamboo ray, there is a risk of hazardous substances escaping into the air
    a sustainable alternative is a certified organic bamboo linen, for sustainable production look for GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certification

  • Bananatex

    Bananatex is a unique natural material made from the leaves of a textile banana tree. It is also called Manila hemp and is grown mainly in the Philippines, and a small part of the total harvest also comes from Ecuador. The fiber from which the fabric is woven is called abaka. The material is impregnated with a layer of beeswax, which gives it a waterproof quality and a more flexible structure. This material was developed by the Swiss brand QWSTION , which can found in our offer.

    Care

    hand wash in lukewarm water

    Benefits

    extremely strong and durable fiber, which is at the same time very flexible and light
    water resistance
    circular life cycle

    Disadvantages

    the final product can have a high price; production and processing costs are typically much higher than with conventional materials

    Sustainability

    no pesticides and minimal water consumption when growing abaca
    Abaca cultivation rebuilds forests in the Philippines
    gentle way of dyeing certified by Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certificate
    cultivation supports Philippine local agriculture
    fair conditions for all involved in the production process
    100% degradable

  • Cotton

    One of the most versatile and widely used materials, accounting for almost half of global textile production.

    Cotton is a universal material obtained from the cotton plant. The fiber is obtained by the so-called ginning. It is carded, combed and then braided to make yarn. Cotton growing is conditioned by a warm climate. The most common locations for cultivation are India, China, USA and Pakistan.

    Care:

    • 100% cotton is washable up to 60 ° C
    • Recommended washing of cotton with an admixture of up to 40 ° C
    • ironing up to 200 ° C

    Benefits

    • soft to the touch
    • breathable
    • non-electrifying
    • Diverse treatments

    Disadvantages

    • Low elasticity, may lose shape
    • prone to pilling (we recommend washing clothes inside out for prevention)
    • may turn yellow after prolonged exposure to the sun

    Sustainability

    • 100% cotton decomposes in 5-6 months
    • The average water consumption per kg of cotton is 20,000 l
    • 16% of world pesticide production and 24% of insecticides are used to grow cotton ""
  • Cupro

    Otherwise known as copper fiber, is a cotton pulp product regenerated by dissolving in a solution of copper and ammonia. It is therefore a natural material created chemically. The chemicals and water needed to make cupra can be reused, thus closing a sustainable production process.

    Although cupro was first produced in Germany, current production has been allocated mainly to Japan.

    Care

    recommended washing in a washing machine at a maximum of 40 °C
    recommended ironing on lower to medium level

    Benefits

    very strong thread
    does not stretch
    smooth and soft surface
    absorbs fluids well
    it does not tend to crease

    Disadvantages

    it gets dirty relatively quickly

    Sustainability

    decomposable
    easily recyclable
    cupro is a by-product of cotton processing, the use of any other part of cotton thus reduces the already uneconomical process of cotton production
    one t-shirt made of cupra can save up to 2,581 liters of water

  • Silk

    Silk is one of the oldest materials obtained from silkworm secretion. There are several types of insects that can produce silk, but silkworm is the most common type. After about one month of development, the larva forms a protective cocoon made of protein fiber that can be up to 1000m long, and from which silk is made.

    Care

    the recommended care is dry cleaning
    can be washed with mild soap or washing gel for manual program
    recommended ironing to a maximum of 150 °C

    Benefits

    lightweight material that keeps you cools in the summer and warm in the winter
    one of the strongest natural fibers
    medium abrasion resistance

    Disadvantages

    low elasticity
    may lose shape
    higher price

    Sustainability

    low environmental impact
    for every tonne of silk, there are 5.426 kg of CO2 emissions
    decomposition time up to 4 years
    ethical aspect of production - to ensure better quality of the material, silkworm larvae are killed by either hot steam or boiling water; an alternative is the so-called "peaceful" silk, which is made from empty cocoons and thus preserves the natural life cycle of the moths

  • Cowhide

    Cowhide is a by-product of the meat and dairy industries. Its quality depends on the age and living conditions of the animal. A young calf that is weaned in milk has softer and firmer skin than an adult cow, which feeds on grass or hay most of its life, and thus its skin is thicker and coarser.

    An important indicator of good leather quality is also what part of the animal it comes from. For example, the leather from the abdominal part of an animal's body is usually the thickest and best nourished. To increase the durability, the leather is layered on top of each other during processing, but this can reduce its natural quality.

    Care

    do not expose to direct sunlight and store in a dry, shaded place
    use only dedicated products for leather treatment

    Benefits

    one of the cheapest variants of animal skin
    with proper maintenance it has a long service life

    Disadvantages

    the thickness and strength of the skin may vary across the entire leather and may disintegrate in weaker places at increased pressure
    with age, the leather may dry out and crack

    Sustainability

    the crucial factor is the origin of the leather and whether the animal did not suffer
    during its acquisition and processing the environmental impact of leather dyeing is also important
    in animal leather processing, emissions are up to 4 times higher than in artificial leather processing

  • Jute

    Jute is a natural material made from the outside or stem of a plant of the same name. 95% of production takes place in India and Bangladesh, where it grows during the monsoon season. After cotton, it is the second most important commodity in terms of availability. demand and utilization.

    Care

    gentle cleaning by hand wash is recommended

    Benefits

    good proportion of obtained material on fertile soil
    diverse uses including the production of paper, geotextiles and textiles in the fashion industry

    Disadvantages

    jute is susceptible to moisture and may lose shape when in contact with it

    Sustainability

    Jute is a fast-growing plant that does not need excessive irrigation, fertilizers and pesticides to grow
    during its life cycle it can be recycled several times and after its end it decomposes in nature, supplying the soil with important nutrients

  • Cashmere

    Cashmere is a luxurious and fine wool material that is obtained by cutting of the Kashmiri goats. Also known as "pasham", or goat wool. The traditional method of hand-combing hair is preserved in Mongolia and China. An important aspect of production is manual quality control. and selective selection of fibers.

    Care

    the recommended care is dry cleaning
    cashmere is not recommended to hang on a hanger due to possible sagging, the recommended method of storage is folding

    Benefits

    thermoregulatory properties
    very soft and pleasant to the touch

    Disadvantages

    lower adhesion
    higher price

    Sustainability

    the sustainable aspect depends on the behaviour of the goats, but due to the nature of their rare occurrence, it is easier to maintain ethical and sustainable production

  • Hemp

    Technical hemp is a fast-growing THC-free plant. Hemp fibers are used to make ropes and textiles. Due to their appearance and texture, they are often mistaken for linen.

    Care

    recommended hand wash in cold water
    fine hemp is recommended to wash in a bag
    tip: before washing, add a tablespoon of vinegar to remove any detergent residue on the fabric

    Benefits

    strong and breathable material
    antibacterial properties
    natural resistance to heat, UV radiation and salt water

    Disadvantages

    stiffer and rougher than linen

    Sustainability

    Hemp as such is a very important material from the point of view of ecology and sustainability, as its cultivation requires a minimum (if any) amount of pesticides and fertilizers, it grows quickly and improves the condition of the soil thanks to the supply of nitrogen
    provides important by-products such as hemp oil or mulch
    thanks to the long fiber, more material is made from it than from linen
    it decomposes safely in nature and supplies the soil with important nutrients
    if not in organic quality, hazardous chemicals are used to separate the fiber
    in many areas it is harvested by hand

  • Linen

    Linen is one of the longest used materials, dating back to 6,000 BC. It is made from a flax plant with a distinctive purple bloom. It is the only cellulose plant native to Western Europe. The highest quality flax comes from Belgium and Ireland.

    Care

    recommended wash up to 40 °C
    recommended ironing up to 230 °C
    it is not recommended to fold repeatedly in the same places to avoid cracking

    Benefits

    durable material that is not prone to abrasion or pilling
    easier stain removal even at low temperatures
    greater protection against UV radiation compared to cotton
    quality linen lasts for several generations

    Disadvantages

    coarser than cotton
    can crease

    Sustainability

    linen requires less water and energy for its production and at the same time is fully degradable
    thanks to the rapid rotation, the soil does not need excessive fertilization or pesticides, in this area it is in one-fifth consumption compared to conventional cotton
    The production of linen produces several by-products such as flaxseed oil or animal feed, so production leaves no waste
    the original method for fiber separation was soaking in water, now chemical separation is used for greater speed, which can have a negative impact on the environment and the material itself

  • Nappa

    Nappa leather is characterized by its distinct softness. The name is derived from the California city of Napa, where the leather began to be produced by a unique technology, which until then was used only for the processing of glove materials. Leather processed in this way is mainly used for the production of wallets, handbags and gloves, but also for furniture and shoes.

    Care

    do not expose to direct sunlight and store in a dry, shaded place
    for Nappa leather treatment use only designated products
    due to the higher porosity of the skin, it is recommended to treat it extensively with an impregnating agent against water and impurities

    Benefits

    significantly softer and more pleasant to the touch compared to classically tanned leather
    with proper maintenance it has a long service life

    Disadvantages

    it is significantly more porous than other leather types, so it is more susceptible to water or other liquids
    It is far more fragile than classic leather, so it is used more for personal accessories such as handbags or smaller leather products

    Sustainability

    the crucial factor is the origin of the leather is whether the animal did not suffer
    during its acquisition and processing the environmental impact of leather dyeing is also important

  • Nubuck

    This is a type of animal leather that has a naturally roughened finish. At first glance, there seems to be no difference between nubuck and suede, as both leather types are very similar. The most fundamental difference is that nubuck is leather that is roughened on the outside.

    Care

    do not expose to direct sunlight and store in a dry, shaded place
    use only designated products for the treatment of nubuck

    Benefits

    compared to classic smooth leather, it has a longer lifespan and is less prone to cracking
    with proper maintenance it has a very long service life

    Disadvantages

    at higher friction the material tends to fade quickly
    bright nubuck variants are more difficult to clean

    Sustainability

    The main factor is the origin of the skin, whether the animal did not suffer during its acquisition and processing
    the environmental impact of dyeing nubuck is also important

  • Organic cotton

    Organic cotton is cotton grown without modification of genetic information and without the use of synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides or insecticides. Organic cotton growing is subject to international standards.

    Organic cotton production maintains soil fertility, reduces the use of toxic substances and helps to create biologically diverse agriculture.

    Care

    • 100% cotton is washable up to 60 °C
    • Recommended washing of cotton with an admixture up to 40 °C
    • ironing up to 200 °C

    Benefits

    • Hypoallergenic
    • soft to the touch
    • breathable
    • non-electrifying
    • Diverse treatments

    Disadvantages

    • Low elasticity, may lose shape
    • prone to pilling (we recommend washing clothes inside out for prevention)
    • may turn yellow after prolonged exposure to the sun

    Sustainability

    • CO2 consumption is 978 kg per tonne of organic cotton, which is 46% less than conventional cotton
    • Zero chemical consumption
    • Worse yields for growers - less cotton grows over a larger area of ​​land compared to conventional cotton
    • Seek GOTS, Better Cotton Initiative, or Regenerative Organic certification to maintain sustainable and ethical production ""
  • Organic hemp

    Organic hemp is one of the most sustainable materials. Apart from the advantages of conventional hemp, it is grown completely without the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers.In addition, it needs only one-fifth the water for its growth, compared to the growth of conventional cotton.

    Care

    recommended hand wash in cold water
    fine hemp is recommended to wash in a bag
    tip: before washing, add a tablespoon of vinegar to remove any detergent residue on the fabric

    Benefits

    strong and breathable material
    antibacterial properties
    natural resistance to heat, UV radiation and salt water

    Disadvantages

    stiffer and rougher than linen

    Sustainability

    Hemp as such is a very important material from the point of view of ecology and sustainability, as its cultivation requires a minimum (if any) amount of pesticides and fertilizers, grows rapidly and improves the condition of the soil due to abundant nitrogen supply
    provides important by-products such as hemp oil or mulch
    thanks to the long fiber, more material is made from it than from flax
    it decomposes safely in nature and supplies the soil with important nutrients
    seek GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certification to maintain sustainable production

  • Organic linen

    Organic linen is linen in organic quality, produced without the use of chemical solvents.

    Care

    recommended wash up to 40 °C
    recommended ironing up to 230 °C
    it is not recommended to fold repeatedly in the same places to avoid cracking

    Benefits

    durable material that is not prone to abrasion or pilling
    easier stain removal even at low temperatures
    greater protection against UV radiation compared to cotton
    quality linen lasts for several generations

    Disadvantages

    coarser than cotton
    can crease

    Sustainability

    linen requires less water and energy for its production, at the same time it is fully degradable
    thanks to the rapid rotation, the soil does not need excessive fertilization or pesticides, in this area it is in one-fifth consumption compared to conventional cotton
    Linen production produces several by-products such as flaxseed oil or animal feed, so production leaves no waste
    linen can be left in its natural colour and its colour can be corrected to the maximum by the sun
    seek GOTS certification to maintain sustainable production.

  • Recycled and upcycled cotton

    Recycled cotton is considered to be one of the most sustainable materials provided it is properly recycled. It can be defined as cotton fiber used in the textile industry. Textile recycling takes place primarily from two sources:

    1. Production waste: recycling of cuttings from production
    2. Consumer waste: recycling of already worn clothing or used home textiles

    Production waste is the most common source, as ready-made fabrics are difficult to recycle due to a different colour or material content.

    Care

    • 100% cotton is washable up to 60 ° C
    • Recommended washing of cotton with an admixture up to 40 ° C
    • ironing up to 200 ° C

    Benefits

    • Hypoallergenic
    • soft to the touch
    • breathable
    • non-electrifying
    • Diverse treatments

    Disadvantages

    • Low elasticity, may lose shape
    • prone to pilling (we recommend washing clothes inside out for prevention)
    • may turn yellow after prolonged exposure to the sun
    • To maintain the durability of a material, it is often combined with another material

    Sustainability

    • Recycled cotton is inherently sustainable by using already available resources
    • gives space to circular economy
    • Save water, fossil fuels and CO2, which would otherwise fall on the production of new resources
    • the creation of a material additive or the improvement of the properties of a substance can negatively offset these savings
    • To maintain sustainable production, seek Global Recycling Standard (GRS) certification "

  • Wool

    Wool is obtained from sheep's wool. Sheep are usually sheared in the spring, when they would naturally drop the wool to protect them from overheating and the onslaught of insects. Sheep are bred all over the world and there are many breeds that vary in characteristics and the quality of its wool.

    Care

    • Instead of washing, it's usually enough to ventilate the clothes
    • Recommended hand wash or special wool program
    • It is not recommended to use chlorinated washing products or bleaches
    • Ironing up to a maximum of 150 ° C

    Benefits

    • breathable
    • absorbs moisture
    • Not creased
    • Keeps its shape
    • Isolation features

    Disadvantages

    • can be scratchy (if you are sensitive to wool, we recommend wearing it with a bottom layer)
    • Possibility of shrinking due to improper care

    Sustainability

    • Wool as such is high quality, degradable and renewable material
    • Properly obtained, it is in itself a sustainable material
    • Mass production can lead to land degradation and unethical animal treatment
    • Seek Responsible Wool Standard (RWS) certification to maintain sustainable and ethical production ""

Artificial materials

  • Acetate fiber

    Acetate fiber is a product made of chemically processed cellulose. Acetate is lighter than natural silk, and very similar in touch and feel.

    It often appears as an admixture of cotton and wool to keep the fabric in a stable shape. It is often additionally treated, for example with antibacterial agents or anti-damage ingredients for direct sunlight.

    Care

    it is recommended to have it dry cleaned
    recommended cold hand wash
    recommended ironing to a maximum of 160 °C

    Benefits

    flowy material that holds the shape
    naturally shiny surface
    Low price

    Disadvantages

    when ironing at a higher temperature, it may easily burn through
    generates static electricity with friction
    it absorbs fluids worse

    Sustainability

    the raw material is treated chemically, as is, for example, viscose
    dry spinning requires fewer production processes, reduces the amount of chemicals and production waste used

  • Acrylic

    The history of acrylic dates back to the middle of the last century, when it began to be used due to its properties as a cheap synthetic alternative to wool, or often mixed with it. It has similar properties to wool, such as its warmth and strength. However, the material lacks the wave's natural thermoregulatory ability and odor repellent property.

    Care

    careful care required
    recommended wash up to 30 °C
    ironing is not recommended

    Benefits

    is soft and durable at the same time warmth
    resistance to direct sunlight
    stain resistant

    Disadvantages

    prone to pilling
    low elasticity, pulls out
    low durability and durability

    Sustainability

    it is not degradable, but it is at least (difficult) recyclable
    extremely energy-intensive process, greater environmental impact than polyester production

  • EcoVero

    EcoVero viscose is an EU Ecolabel certified material. It is a sustainable alternative to viscose.

    Care

    recommended wash up to 30 °C

    Benefits

    light material soft to the touch
    airy

    Disadvantages

    creasing
    may lose shape

    Sustainability

    up to 50% lower water consumption and carbon footprint compared to conventional viscose
    ECOVERO ™ fibers come from cellulose from certified and controlled sources
    LENZING ™ ECOVERO ™ is EU Ecolabel certified as it meets the strictest environmental requirements in the entire production chain from extraction, through production to distribution and end of life cycle

  • Elastane

    Elastane, or spandex, is a type of polyurethane that has been used in the fashion industry since the late 1950s due to its high resilience, durability and flexibility.

    Care

    machine washable - a gentle program for synthetics at temperatures up to 30-40 °C
    is recommended it is not recommended to tumble dry
    recommended ironing upside down

    Benefits

    can be stretched up to 500% of the original dimension while maintaining the original shape
    resistance to external influences
    adaptability and grip
    does not crease

    Disadvantages

    colour instability
    low resistance to high temperatures

    Sustainability

    complex and energy-intensive production process
    microplastics are released during washing
    not degradable
    can be recycled or end the life cycle with safe and safe combustion

  • EVA

    The main use of EVA foam is the reinforcement of various sports accessories, bicycle saddles, hockey equipment, helmets and even ski boots and much more. It is appreciated mainly for its absorption and cushioning properties, so it is widely used in the production of sneakers.

    Benefits

    soft, comfortable and light material
    highly durable and strong even at extremely low temperatures
    has the ability to withstand high pressure without change
    high resistance to long-term and frequent use
    UV resistance

    Disadvantages

    there are none

    Sustainability

    one of the least harmful synthetic materials
    less degradable
    can be recycled and processed into new EVA foam

  • Lyocell (tencel)

    Lyocell is a relatively innovative material that is a more gentle version of viscose made from cellulose, in the case of Tencel specifically from eucalyptus cellulose. It is best known under the Tencel brand, which has been registered by the Austrian company Lenzing - a leading lyocell manufacturer.

    Care

    recommended hand wash at moderate temperature with mild detergent
    we recommend washing at lower speeds
    recommended drying on a hanger, it is not recommended to put it in the dryer

    Benefits

    more resistant than viscose
    soft to the touch

    Disadvantages

    creases easily
    higher price

    Sustainability

    raw materials used for the production of loycell are obtained from sustainably managed forests and the entire production process takes place in a closed cycle
    Eucalyptus used to make Tencel is a plant that does not need artificial irrigation, pesticides or fertilizers on its own
    the conversion of cellulose into fiber consumes a large amount of energy
    lyocell is recyclable and compostable
    the dyeing process may contain chemicals

  • Modal

    Modal is a synthetically made material based on beech wood cellulose. It resembles cotton to the touch, but is more pleasant, more absorbent and lighter. The material was first made in Japan around 1950.

    Care

    recommended washing in cold water
    it is recommended to use active oxygen-based products
    recommended drying at lower or medium temperature (tip: do not use a dryer for less impact on the environment)

    Benefits

    light, elastic and breathable material
    well absorbent
    flowy material
    does not pill
    does not shrink
    does not crease

    Disadvantages

    not suitable for bleaching or dyeing
    higher price

    Sustainability

    a greener alternative to conventional cotton
    100% degradable material

  • Nylon

    One of the first synthetic materials in fashion, nylon fiber was originally developed in the 1930s. It is one of the first synthetic polymers made directly from coal, water and air to have commercial success. Its Czech parallel is called silon.

    Care

    recommended separate washing and for a low temperature program
    ironing is not recommended

    Benefits

    extremely strong and at the same time very light material
    flexible
    good resistance to friction or other possible mechanical damage

    Disadvantages

    greater tendency to wrinkle and crease than, for example, polyester
    low resistance to direct long-term sunlight

    Sustainability

    extremely energy-intensive production process
    destructive impact of production on the environment (high rate of greenhouse gas leakage)
    not degradable
    however, there is a possibility to recycle it efficiently

  • PLA plastic

    Otherwise known as bioplastic, is a plastic that is made from biomass (corn or sugar cane). It is a thermoplastic aliphatic polyester, which in its raw form is used mainly as a material used for 3D printers.

    Benefits

    high melting point (about 178 °C)
    can be used to make food crates

    Disadvantages

    low resistance to lower temperatures
    relatively low resistance

    Sustainability

    recyclable
    already processed material may be reprocessed to its original raw form

  • Polyester

    Synthetic polyester was first used in practice during World War I as an impregnating material, but as we know it today, it has only been used since the second half of the last century. Polyester fiber has countless uses across all branches of the fashion industry.

    Care

    recommended washing at a maximum of 40 °C, gentle program for synthetics at temperatures up to 30-40 °C
    recommended low temperature ironing

    Benefits

    inexpensive production
    durable, light and strong material
    it does not tend to crease too much
    holds its shape well
    does not fade and is more resistant to stains than cotton
    quick-drying

    Disadvantages

    can easily start pilling
    not breathable, "sticks" to the skin

    Sustainability

    it does not decompose, but can be recycled very efficiently (several times)
    very demanding production process
    dyeing takes place at even higher temperatures than is usual for - most other synthetic fibers

  • Polyethylene

    Polyethylene is the most common form of plastic today and its wide-ranging use affects almost every branch of today's industry. Polyethylene fibers are used to make fishing nets, ropes, geotextiles and also protective suits.

    Benefits

    strong and durable material
    non-toxic plastic
    flexible - therefore it does not tend to tear or crack

    Disadvantages

    lower resistance to high temperatures
    lower resistance to direct sharp sunlight leading to degradation

    Sustainability

    34% of total world plastic production
    energy one of the least demanding plastics for production
    still very burdensome for the environment, as a large amount of greenhouse gases is produced during its production
    can be recycled relatively efficiently
    not degradable

  • Polypropylene

    Polypropylene is a synthetic material that was introduced to the market in the 1950s. Its name is often abbreviated as" polyprop." It is one of the most widely used plastics in the modern industry. In fashion it is used to make nonwoven fabric, a substance suitable for the manufacture of sports and functional clothing.

    Care

    machine washable - a gentle program for synthetics at temperatures up to 30-40°C
    it is not recommended to tumble dry and use conventional fabric softener
    recommended ironing upside down

    Benefits

    durable and very light material
    quick-drying
    adaptable to the body, elastic
    retains heat at low temperatures

    Disadvantages

    does not retain moisture, it is recommended to layer over natural absorbent materials
    synthetic, slippery surface

    Sustainability

    can be recycled efficiently
    not degradable
    1.7 kg of CO2 is produced in the production of 1 kg of polypropylene

  • Polyurethane

    It can be used in various forms, such as a fiber used in the textile industry. A permanent crosslink is formed between the polymer chains of the polyurethane, which prevents melting and reprocessing of the material.

    Polyurethane is available as a fiber, film or coating and can be shaped as desired. In the textile industry, it is most often used for the production of artificial leather or waterproof fabrics.

    Care

    the surface of the polyurethane can be easily wiped off with soapy water or a damp sponge

    Benefits

    Highly durable and lightweight material that is generally stronger than natural rubber
    flexibility
    highly resistant to abrasion or tearing
    wide range of uses

    Disadvantages

    Thermoplastic polyurethane, which is used, for example, to make the soles of sneakers, is more expensive than conventional polyurethane

    Sustainability

    Diisocyanate, which is used in the production of PU, is highly toxic cannot be recycled

  • PVC

    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC, vinyl) is one of the most widely used plastics, dating back to the 1930s. It is used in the fashion industry primarily as a synthetic alternative to leather or rubber, usually combined with a woven lining. Often It has a shiny surface and can be processed into a soft and pliable, but also solid form.

    Care

    do not wash in the washing machine
    do not iron
    clean by hand with a soft sponge or cloth that does not damage the surface of the material (soap and water are enough)

    Benefits

    durable and strong material
    cheap production
    waterproof and easy to clean and maintain

    Disadvantages

    does not tolerate high temperatures (over 60 °C)
    lower quality and durability than similar PU

    Sustainability

    contains less carbon than most thermoplastics
    energy-intensive production often involving the use of hazardous chemicals
    can be recycled

  • Recycled polyester

    Recycled polyester is created from recycled materials such as PET bottles, worn clothing and other polyester waste. Unique aspect of this process is the high saving of water (up to 90%) and energy (up to 70%) compared to the production of new polyester and also the properties of the material produced, which do not degrade through the recycling process and is thus of the same quality as the newly produced fiber.

    Care

    recommended washing at a maximum of 40 °C, gentle program for synthetics at temperatures up to 30-40 °C
    recommended low temperature ironing

    Benefits

    inexpensive production
    durable, light and strong material
    it does not tend to crease too much
    holds its shape well
    does not fade and is more resistant to stains than cotton
    quick-drying

    Disadvantages

    can easily start pilling
    not breathable, "sticks" to the skin

    Sustainability

    reuse of plastic waste from landfills or PET bottles caught in the seas
    very significantly reduces the impact of production compared to conventional polyester, but also organic cotton (it is much more demanding to produce than recycled polyester)
    can be recycled repeatedly without loss of quality

  • Silicone

    Polyvinyl chloride (PVC, vinyl) is one of the most widely used plastics, dating back to the 1930s. It is used in the fashion industry primarily as a synthetic alternative to leather or rubber, usually combined with woven lining. Often It has a shiny surface and can be processed into a soft and pliable, but also solid form.

    Benefits

    high flexibility
    does not absorb water
    highly resistant to external influences and direct sunlight

    Disadvantages

    costly production
    impact of production on the environment

    Sustainability

    it is often not possible to recycle it, a complex technological process is needed

  • Synthetic rubber

    Natural rubber substitute began to be used in industry at the beginning of the 20th century. Its use is wide across all industries, in fashion it is used primarily for the manufacture of footwear, but also for functional and sportswear clothing or swimwear (neoprene).

    Care

    Store synthetic rubber shoes ideally in a dry and cool place

    Benefits

    durability, strength and durability (even compared with natural rubber)

    Disadvantages

    impact of production

    Sustainability

    high energy intensity of production
    cannot be recycled by remelting
    remains in landfills polluting the environment

  • Tritan Copolyester

    Tritan Copolyester is manufactured by the US company Eastman and is FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) approved and listed by EFSA (European Food and Safety Association).

    Tritan does not contain plasticizers, does not contain BPA and, through a number of other advantages, is increasingly used as a glass substitute.

    Care

    can be washed in the dishwasher

    Benefits

    clear, solid material with high resistance
    chemical resistant
    BPA free: does not contain harmful Bisphenol A

    Disadvantages

    low resistance to UV radiation

    Sustainability

    the life cycle of tritan has a lower impact on the environment than, for example, metal products, while its production also consumes less energy
    the use of tritanous drinking bottles reduces the use of disposable plastics
    tritan is BPA free and is produced without the use of halogens, sulphurium, nitrogen, lead, mercury, cadmium or chromium

  • Viscose

    Also known as rayon. Viscose fiber is obtained from chemically treated cellulose. Since its first processing, which dates back to 1880, viscose has been used in various forms and in various industries.

    Care

    it is recommended to have it dry cleaned
    maximum ironing temperature is 180 °C (wet ironing is recommended)

    Benefits

    low price
    pleasant to the touch
    highly absorbent
    at higher temperatures it does not melt like synthetic materials
    stronger than wool
    more flexible than natural fibers

    Disadvantages

    prone to scoring and loss of original shape
    it loses most of its strength when wet
    weaker than cellulose fibers

    Sustainability

    It is obtained mostly from renewable sources (soft wood, bamboo, cotton)
    the process of converting the raw material into the corresponding fiber uses chemicals that can pollute the environment
    permanently degradable at the end of its life cycle
    about 640 l of water are used to produce 1 kg of viscose

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